AskDefine | Define tetryl

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. The explosive 2,4,6-trinitrophenyl-N-methylnitramine produced by the nitration of dimethylaniline

Extensive Definition

Tetryl is a sensitive explosive compound used to make detonators and explosive booster charges. Its IUPAC name is 2,4,6-trinitrophenyl-N-methylnitramine and some commonly used synonyms are nitramine, tetralite, and tetril. Its chemical formula is C7H5N5O8.
Tetryl is an odorless yellow crystalline solid that is not found naturally in the environment. Under certain conditions, tetryl can exist as dust in air. It is slightly soluble in water and in other liquids.
Tetryl was used mainly during World Wars I and II and later conflicts. Tetryl is usually used on its own, though can sometimes be found in compositions such as tetrytol. Tetryl is no longer manufactured or used in the United States, but can still be found in legacy munitions such as the M14 anti-personnel landmine.
Tetryl has a detonation velocity of 7,570 metres per second.

Production

Tetryl is produced by action of a mix of concentrated nitric acid and sulfuric acid on dimethylaniline.

See also

References

  • Cooper, Paul W., Explosives Engineering, New York: Wiley-VCH, 1996. ISBN 0-471-18636-8

External links

  • Tetryl 'Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR)''',
tetryl in German: Tetryl
tetryl in Latvian: Tetrils
tetryl in Dutch: Tetryl
tetryl in Japanese: テトリル
tetryl in Polish: Tetryl
tetryl in Russian: Тетрил
tetryl in Slovak: Tetryl
tetryl in Swedish: Tetryl
tetryl in Vietnamese: Tetryl
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